It is the highest civilian award of India that recognises the exceptional service of the highest order. Furthermore, the then presidents, Ramaswamy Venkataraman (1987–92) and Shankar Dayal Sharma (1992–97), had not conferred a Sanad (certificate) with their signature and seal. She had lost her parents. Both her parents having died, her uncle had brought her home. On 15 December 1995, the Special Division Bench restored the awards and delivered a judgement that the "Bharat Ratna and Padma awards are not titles under Article 18 of the Constitution". ", "Government of Tamil Nadu: Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu since 192", "Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan: The Philosopher President", "About Us—Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith Varanasi", "Engineer's Day in India: celebrating M. 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S. Subbulakshmi commemorated with a doodle", "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1998", "Biographical note: Amartya Sen: Thomas W. Lamont University Professor, and Professor of Economics and Philosophy", "Assam Legislative Assembly—Chief Ministers since 1937", "In Assam, Narendra Modi describes how Congress 'betrayed' it", "India's Nightingale Lata Mangeshkar turns 82 today", "Torch-bearers of kirana gharana, and their followers", "Indian Fellow: Professor Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao", "Records/Combined Test, ODI and T20I records/Batting records; Most runs in career", "History of BHU: The Capital of all Knowledge", "Speech of Prime Minister at the Commemoration of 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahamana Madan Mohan Malaviya inaugural function", "Profile: Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee: March 19, 1998 – May 22, 2004 [Bhartiya Janta Party]", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bharat_Ratna&oldid=998319560, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Pages using infobox award with unknown parameters, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, An image of the Sun along with the words "Bharat Ratna", inscribed in, An Indian independence activist, statesman, and lawyer, Rajagopalachari was the only Indian and last, Philosopher Radhakrishnan served as India's first, Widely known for his work on the scattering of light and the discovery of the effect, better known as ", Independence activist, philosopher, and educationist, Das is a co-founder of, Independence activist and author, Nehru is the first and the, Independence activist Pant was premier of, Social reformer and educator, Karve is widely known for his works related to woman education and remarriage of Hindu widows. 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